Weightlifting demand a top technical, mental and physical level. Lifting over double the body weight from the floor and go over the head is not only about using all the muscles in the body. It also requires an absolute concentration and technique. It is divided into two modalities. The first is called Snatch, which consists in bringing the bar from the floor, in a highly coordinated movement, and place it over the head.

The second movement is the Clean and Jerk, which consists in two movements, the first, clean, which is lifting the bar from the floor up to the shoulders, and then the second movement is performed, the Jerk, which is pushing the bar from the shoulders until it is over the head in a valid manner. In #Santiago2023 this discipline will add points to the Olympic ranking.

In the picture, a female weightlifter is holding a bar above her shoulders.

History of this sport

To find the origins of weightlifting we have to go back to China, 3600 BCE, when emperors lifted weights in order to measure their power and leadership.

Moving forward in time, the development of weightlifting as an international sport began in the 19th century. It is one of the disciplines that has been part of the Olympic Games since their beginning at Athens 1896. At that time, the competition was exclusively for men, who could use only one hand.

In the case of women, they had to wait for more than 100 years to participate at the Olympics. Female athletes were allowed to compete at Sidney 2000.

Something similar happened at the Pan American Games. Weightlifting has been part of the programme since 1951 in Buenos Aires, but women were not part of the competition until 1999 in Winnipeg. Cuba leads the medal count with 72 golds.

In the picture, a female weightlifter is holding a bar above her shoulders.

How do you compete?

Nowadays, weightlifters are allowed to lift barbells with two different techniques. One of them is the Snatch, which consists of lifting the barbell from the floor to an overhead position in a single motion. The other is the Clean & Jerk, which has two phases: first lifting the barbell up to the front of the shoulders and top chest, and then raising it to an overhead position.

Athletes are given 3 attempts to lift as much weight as possible, and their best attempt at Snatch and the Clean and Jerk are then added up and the one with the highest combined weight lifted is declared the winner. From the Sydney 2000 Olympics, men compete in 8 different weight categories and women in 7.


In which year were women first allowed to compete in weightlifting at the Pan American Games?

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Information for the community

The International Weightlifting Federation released a documentary called Lift the World, that shows the wishes, dreams and goals of weightlifters of every age in four continents. Among them are 10-year-old children in Mexico, teenagers in Cameroon and Tunisia, and at the same time includes interviews with Olympic and World champions. It is available on YouTube for free here:

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